Stacked packaged integrated circuit devices, and methods of making same

Abstract

A device is disclosed which includes a first packaged integrated circuit device, a second packaged integrated circuit device positioned above the first packaged integrated circuit device and a plurality of planar conductive members conductively coupling the first and second packaged integrated circuit devices to one another. A method is also disclosed which includes conductively coupling a plurality of extensions on a leadframe to each of a pair of stacked packaged integrated circuit devices and cutting the leadframe to singulate the extensions from one another.

Claims

1 . A device, comprising: a first packaged integrated circuit device; a second packaged integrated circuit device positioned above the first packaged integrated circuit device; and a plurality of planar conductive members conductively coupling the first and second packaged integrated circuit devices to one another. 2 . The device of claim 1 , wherein each of the planar conductive members is positioned between and conductively coupled to a conductive terminal formed adjacent a top surface of the first packaged integrated circuit device and a conductive terminal formed adjacent a bottom surface of the second packaged circuit device. 3 . The device of claim 1 , wherein the first and second packaged integrated circuit devices comprise a same type of integrated circuit device. 4 . The device of claim 1 , wherein the first and second packaged integrated circuit devices comprise a different type of integrated circuit device. 5 . The device of claim 1 , wherein the planar conductive members are leadframe extensions. 6 . The device of claim 1 , wherein each of the plurality of conductive members has an outer edge that is substantially aligned with an outer edge of at least one of the first and second packaged integrated circuit devices. 7 . The device of claim 6 , wherein the planar conductive members have a generally rectangular configuration when viewed from above. 8 . A device, comprising: a first packaged integrated circuit device; a second packaged integrated circuit device positioned above the first packaged integrated circuit device; and a plurality of conductive members conductively coupling the first and second packaged integrated circuit devices to one another, wherein each of the plurality of conductive members has an outer edge that is substantially aligned with an outer edge of at least one of the first and second packaged integrated circuit devices. 9 . The device of claim 8 , wherein each of the conductive members is positioned between and conductively coupled to a conductive terminal formed adjacent a top surface of the first packaged integrated circuit device and a conductive terminal formed adjacent a bottom surface of the second packaged circuit device. 10 . The device of claim 9 , wherein the conductive members are leadframe extensions. 11 . A device, comprising: a first packaged integrated circuit device; a second packaged integrated circuit device positioned above the first packaged integrated circuit device; and a plurality of leadframe extensions conductively coupling the first and second packaged integrated circuit devices to one another, wherein each of the leadframe extensions is positioned between and conductively coupled to a conductive terminal formed adjacent a top surface of the first packaged integrated circuit device and a conductive terminal formed adjacent a bottom surface of the second packaged circuit device, and wherein each of the plurality of leadframe extensions has an outer edge that is substantially aligned with an outer edge of both of the first and second packaged integrated circuit devices. 12 . The device of claim 11 , wherein the leadframe extensions have a generally rectangular configuration when viewed from above. 13 . A method, comprising: conductively coupling a plurality of extensions on a leadframe to each of a pair of stacked packaged integrated circuit devices; and cutting the leadframe to singulate the extensions from one another. 14 . The method of claim 13 , wherein the plurality of extensions are conductively coupled to conductive contacts on each of the pair of stacked packaged integrated circuit devices. 15 . The method of claim 13 , wherein cutting the leadframe comprises separating the plurality of extensions from a tie bar of the leadframe. 16 . The method of claim 15 , wherein the cutting of the leadframe is performed such that an outer edge of the plurality of extensions is substantially aligned with an outer edge of at least one of the pair of stacked packaged integrated circuit devices. 17 . A method, comprising: providing first and second packaged integrated circuit devices; and positioning a plurality of planar conductive members between the first and second packaged integrated circuit devices to thereby conductively couple the first and second packaged integrated circuit devices to one another. 18 . The method of claim 17 , wherein positioning the plurality of planar conductive members comprises positioning the plurality of planar conductive members such that an outer edge of each of the planar conductive members is substantially aligned with an outer edge of at least one of the first and second packaged integrated circuit devices. 19 . The method of claim 17 , wherein each of the planar conductive members has a generally rectangular configuration when viewed from above. 20 . A method, comprising: performing a first reflow process to conductively couple a plurality of extensions of a leadframe to a plurality of contacts on an upper surface of a first packaged integrated circuit device; performing a second reflow process to conductively couple the plurality of extensions to a plurality of contacts on a lower surface of a second integrated circuit device; and cutting the leadframe to singulate the plurality of extensions. 21 . The method of claim 20 , wherein cutting the leadframe comprises separating the plurality of extensions from a tie bar of the leadframe. 22 . The method of claim 20 , wherein the cutting of the leadframe is performed such that an outer edge of the plurality of extensions is substantially aligned with an outer edge of at least one of the pair of stacked packaged integrated circuit devices.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION [0001] 1. Technical Field [0002] This subject matter disclosed herein is generally directed to the field of packaging integrated circuit devices, and, more particularly, to stacked packaged integrated circuit devices and various methods of making same. [0003] 2. Description of the Related Art [0004] Integrated circuit technology uses electrical devices, e.g., transistors, resistors, capacitors, etc., to formulate vast arrays of functional circuits. The complexity of these circuits requires the use of an ever-increasing number of linked electrical devices so that the circuit may perform its intended function. As the number of transistors increases, the integrated circuitry dimensions shrink. One challenge in the semiconductor industry is to develop improved methods for electrically connecting and packaging circuit devices which are fabricated on the same and/or on different wafers or chips. In general, it is desirable in the semiconductor industry to construct transistors which occupy less surface area on the silicon chip/die. [0005] In the manufacture of semiconductor device assemblies, a single semiconductor die is most commonly incorporated into each sealed package. Many different package styles are used, including dual inline packages (DIP), zig-zag inline packages (ZIP), small outline J-bends (SOJ), thin small outline packages (TSOP), plastic leaded chip carriers (PLCC), small outline integrated circuits (SOIC), plastic quad flat packs (PQFP) and interdigitated leadframe (IDF). Some semiconductor device assemblies are connected to a substrate, such as a circuit board, prior to encapsulation. Manufacturers are under constant pressure to reduce the size of the packaged integrated circuit device and to increase the packaging density in packaging integrated circuit devices. [0006] In some cases, packaged integrated circuit devices have been stacked on top of one another in an effort to conserve plot space. Prior art techniques for conductively coupling the stacked packaged integrated circuit devices to one another typically involved the formation of solder balls or wire bonds to establish this connection. What is desired is a new and improved technique for conductively coupling stacked packaged devices to one another. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS [0007] The present subject matter may be understood by reference to the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which like reference numerals identify like elements, and in which: [0008] FIGS. 1 and 2 are various views of a stacked packaged integrated circuit device in accordance with one aspect of the present disclosure; [0009] FIG. 3 is a view of illustrative portions of a leadframe that may be employed as described herein; [0010] FIGS. 4-7 depict one illustrative process flow for forming stacked packaged integrated circuit devices as described herein; and [0011] FIG. 8 is a top view of an illustrative conductive contact for stacked packaged integrated circuit devices as disclosed herein. [0012] While the subject matter disclosed herein is susceptible to various modifications and alternative forms, specific embodiments thereof have been shown by way of example in the drawings and are herein described in detail. It should be understood, however, that the description herein of specific embodiments is not intended to limit the invention to the particular forms disclosed, but on the contrary, the intention is to cover all modifications, equivalents, and alternatives falling within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION [0013] Illustrative embodiments of the present subject matter are described below. In the interest of clarity, not all features of an actual implementation are described in this specification. It will of course be appreciated that in the development of any such actual embodiment, numerous implementation-specific decisions must be made to achieve the developers' specific goals, such as compliance with system-related and business-related constraints, which will vary from one implementation to another. Moreover, it will be appreciated that such a development effort might be complex and time-consuming, but would nevertheless be a routine undertaking for those of ordinary skill in the art having the benefit of this disclosure. [0014] Although various regions and structures shown in the drawings are depicted as having very precise, sharp configurations and profiles, those skilled in the art recognize that, in reality, these regions and structures are not as precise as indicated in the drawings. Additionally, the relative sizes of the various features and doped regions depicted in the drawings may be exaggerated or reduced as compared to the size of those features or regions on fabricated devices. Nevertheless, the attached drawings are included to describe and explain illustrative examples of the subject matter disclosed herein. [0015] FIG. 1 depicts an illustrative stacked die package 10 in accordance with one aspect of the present disclosure. A first packaged integrated circuit device 12 A is positioned beneath a second packaged circuit device 12 B. A plurality of solder balls 32 or other known techniques may be employed to conductively couple the first packaged integrated circuit device 12 A to an illustrative printed circuit board 40 . As will be recognized by those skilled in the art after a complete reading of the present application, the first packaged integrated circuit device 12 A and second packaged circuit device 12 B may be the same type of integrated circuit device or they may be different from one another. For example, the first packaged integrated circuit device 12 A may be a packaged DRAM device while the second packaged circuit device 12 B may be a NAND device. Additionally, the first packaged integrated circuit device 12 A and second packaged circuit device 12 B may be in packages having different physical package sizes. In the illustrative example discussed herein, the first packaged integrated circuit device 12 A and second packaged circuit device 12 B have the same approximate package size. Additionally, using the methodologies disclosed herein, the stacked die package 10 may comprise more than the two illustrative packaged devices 12 A, 12 B depicted in FIG. 1 . For example, 3-5 packaged integrated circuit devices may be positioned in a single stack 10 using the structures and methods disclosed herein. [0016] In the disclosed example, each of the first packaged integrated circuit device 12 A and the second packaged circuit device 12 B comprise a printed circuit board 14 with a cavity 16 formed therein. An integrated circuit die 18 is secured within the cavity 16 in accordance with traditional techniques, e.g., an adhesive material. Illustrative wire bonds 20 are used to conductively couple the bond pads 24 on the die 18 and the bond pads 26 on the printed circuit board 14 . Traditional mold compound material 22 may be used to fill the cavity 16 . [0017] A plurality of conductive terminals 28 may be formed on the top surface 30 T and the bottom surface 30 B of the first packaged integrated circuit device 12 A and the second packaged circuit device 12 B. FIG. 2 is a top view of the second packaged integrated circuit device 12 B (without the mold compound material 22 ), wherein an illustrative layout of the conductive terminals 28 is depicted. Of course, the particular layout or arrangement of the conductive terminals 28 may vary depending upon the particular application. [0018] FIGS. 3-7 depict one illustrative method of forming the stacked packaged die 10 disclosed herein. FIG. 3 depicts a portion of an illustrative leadframe 50 that may be employed in packaging integrated circuit devices. The leadframe 50 comprises a plurality of tie bars 52 , each of which have a plurality of leadframe extensions 54 that physically extend from the bar 52 . The size, number and spacing of the leadframe extensions 54 may vary depending upon the particular application. In one example, the extensions 54 are planar plate structures that have a thickness ranging from approximately 50-150 μm. The other physical dimensions, e.g., length, width, as well as the general configuration of the extension, may vary. As will be recognized by those skilled in the art after a complete reading of the present application, the size and pitch of the extensions 54 will be coordinated to match the size and pitch of the conductive terminals 28 to which the extensions 54 will, ultimately, be conductively coupled. The extensions 54 may be comprised of a variety of conductive materials, e.g., copper, alloy 42 , etc. Depending upon the material of the extensions 54 , a surface protectant may be applied to the extensions 54 for a variety of reasons, e.g., to prevent oxidation. In some applications, the extensions 54 may be coated with a material such that a wettable surface is created, e.g., a coating of silver, tin, gold/nickel, etc. Such a coating may have a thickness of approximately 0.25-4.0 μm. Additionally, in some applications, gold or copper stud bumps could be employed on the extensions 54 to make the connection from the extensions 54 to the packaged integrated circuit devices 12 A, 12 B. [0019] As shown in FIG. 4 , the leadframe 50 is conductively coupled to the conductive terminals 28 on the top surface 30 T of the first packaged integrated circuit device 12 A. In one specific example, a solder flux is applied to the extensions 54 and/or to the conductive terminals 28 on the top surface 30 T of the first packaged integrated circuit device 12 A. The leadframe 50 is aligned and positioned such that the extensions 54 contact the conductive terminals 28 . A first heat treatment process is then performed to reflow the solder to thereby conductively couple the extensions 54 and the conductive terminals 28 to one another. [0020] Next, as shown in FIG. 5 , the second packaged circuit device 12 B is positioned above and aligned with the leadframe 50 . During this process, the conductive terminals 28 on the bottom surface 30 B of the second packaged circuit device 12 B are aligned so as to be conductively coupled to the extensions 54 . A solder flux may be applied to the conductive terminals 28 and/or extensions 54 during this process. A second heat treatment process is then performed to reflow the connection between the extensions 54 and the conductive terminals 28 on the bottom surface 30 B of the second packaged circuit device 12 B. [0021] Thereafter, as shown in FIG. 6 , a plurality of solder balls 32 are formed on conductive terminals 28 on the bottom surface 30 B of the first packaged integrated circuit device 12 A using traditional techniques. Then, the tie bar portions 52 of the leadframe 50 are trimmed to result in the structure depicted in FIG. 7 . This trimming process may be performed using any of a variety of known techniques, e.g., a punch. FIG. 3 depicts an illustrative cut line 56 for the leadframe 50 . The trimming process results in the singulation of the extensions 54 such that they are not conductively coupled to one another. Also note that an outer edge 54 e of the extension 54 is approximately aligned with an edge 12 e of the first and second packaged integrated circuit devices 12 A, 12 B. In some applications, if the first and second packaged integrated circuit devices 12 A, 12 B are of different physical sizes, then the edge 54 e of the extension 54 may only align with the edge of one of the stacked packaged integrated circuit devices. FIG. 8 is a top view of an individual extension 54 and the contact 28 on the bottom of the second packaged integrated circuit device 12 A. The extension 54 acts as a generally rectangular, planar conductive member between the stacked packaged integrated circuit devices 12 A, 12 B.

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